FROM DUCHY TO REPUBLIC
Bruchsal Palace, built as a prince-bishop's residence in the 18th century, was used by the Grand Dukes of Baden in the 19th century. Margravine Amalie von Baden was the last royal inhabitant. After her death in 1832, the ducal family only occasionally visited the palace. The Baroque complex was primarily used by officials and the military. The November Revolution of 1918, which was relatively bloodless in Baden, was also uneventful at Bruchsal Palace. Baden's ruler, Grand Duke Friedrich II, abdicated on November 22, 1918, opening the path for Baden to become a republic.