New territories, but why?
In the Napoleonic Wars, Baden had lost some territory on the left side of the Rhine to France, but the Baden's ruler now received other, even larger territories. Ecclesiastical holdings were expropriated and distributed to secular rulers. Among other lands, Baden received those parts of the Bishopric of Speyer on the right side of the Rhine. In 1803, secularization was legitimized by the "German mediatization." In 1806, Baden became a grand duchy, though not a kingdom, as some had hoped.